African Buffalo

Syncerus caffer

African Buffalo

Weight: Males ±950kg, Females ±820kg's
Longevity: 20 years

Behavior

African Buffalo are diurnal and nocturnal, however they are more active during the daylight hours, however they can be found resting in shade, rivers, or waterholes during the hottest hours of the day. 

Buffalo can be found in all African ecosystems however they seem to favor open savanna, woodlands and riverine areas. 

Buffalos are not territorial and rather live in home ranges, however older males can sometimes be territorial.

Both males and females have horns, however the males horns are much more defined, and often larger. 

African Buffalo have a reputation of being unpredictable and can be quite dangerous when approached on foot. They are part of the Big 5 for this reason.

Social Structure

Buffalo can be found solitarily or in herds. Some herds can number into the thousands.

The herds are largely made up of cows, their young, dominant males, and subordinate males. Older males are pushed out of these family groups and form small bachelor herd, or live solitary.

Diet

Buffalos are grazers and therefore majority of the diet consists of grass. 

African buffalo are ruminants, meaning they have a four chambered stomach and after chewing and swallowing the food will later be regurgitated and rechewed. This process is known as the chewing of the cud.  

Breeding

African Buffalo breed year round however the majority of births coincide with the rainy season. The cow will give birth to 1 calf after a gestation period of 11 months.

Threats

Humans are the biggest threat. This is largely due to trophy hunting as well as habitat encroachment. Diseases such as tuberculosis also cause a large threat.

They are also sometimes preyed upon by lions